Satellites make a crucial contribution to our understanding of the climate system. They provide a global view, and support the UNFCCC by delivering systematic information for Essential Climate Variables across the atmosphere, land surface, oceans and cryosphere.

The downloadable 'Climate Change from Space' brochure provides an overview of the climate challenge and with examples of how satellite climate data records generated via the ESA Climate Change Initiative have revolutionised how we see the climate system.

Download the 'Climate Change from Space' brochure

A Global challenge

Possible future temperature rise

Find out about Weather vs Climate

Space for our climate

Weather vs Climate

Taking the pulse of the planet

Find out more about the ESA Climate Change Initiative

Generating satellite climate data records

Greenhouse gases

Visit the Greenhouse gases_cci project page


Visit the Ozone_cci project page

Sea ice

Visit the Sea ice_cci project page


Visit the Permafrost_cci project page

Land ice

Visit the Antarctica ice sheet_cci and Greenland ice sheet_cci project pages


Visit the Glaciers_cci project page

Sea surface temperature

Visit the Sea Surface Temperature_cci project page

Sea surface salinity

Visit the Sea-Surface Salinity_cci project page

Sea level

Visit the Sea Level_cci project page

Ocean colour

Visit the Ocean Colour_cci project page

Biomass and Land cover

Visit the Biomass_cci and Land Cover_cci project pages


Visit the Fire_cci project page


Visit the Lakes_cci project page

Global carbon budget

Space for a green future

More about ESA's vision for Space for a green future

Download the 'Climate Change from Space' brochure