The CMUG team consists of individuals from the Met Office, European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, MPI-Meteorology, Météo-France, DLR, Institut Pierre Simon Laplace, Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute and Barcelona Supercomputing Center.

Met Office


European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF)


Max Planck Institut fur Meteorology





Models: EMAC

Institut Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL)


Swedish Meteorological Hydrological Institute (SMHI)

Models: EC-Earth, RCA, HARMONIE

Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC)

Models: EC-Earth, NMMB-MONARCH



Dr Amy Doherty is the CMUG project manager. She works in the International Applied Science area of the Met Office in the Climate Information for International Development group. She has a Ph.D. in remote sensing and has spent many years working on improving the use of satellite data in the Met Office operational weather forecasts, with a focus on microwave humidity sounders.

Hannah Griffith works on the CMUG project as Work Package 6 lead, Coordination & Outreach. She holds a Physical Geography Bachelors degree and a Sustainable Development & Climate Change Masters degree, both from the University of Exeter. Hannah started working at the Met Office in 2019 and works with climate services, data analysis, international climate resilience programmes and capacity building projects.

Dr. Angela Benedetti holds a Physics degree from the University of Rome, “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy (under the supervision of Professor Giorgio Fiocco), and a PhD in Atmospheric Science, Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO (under the supervision of Professor Graeme L. Stephens). Angela joined ECMWF in October 2002 first as a research scientist working on the exploitation of CloudSat data, and later as the aerosol expert in the EU-funded GEMS, MACC, MACC-II, MACC-III projects, and until October 2015 in the EU-funded Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS). Since November 2015, she has been a Senior Research Scientist in the Atmospheric Composition Team, part of the Research Department Earth's Predictability Section. Angela's research interests span from Data assimilation with focus on aerosol for improvements in atmospheric composition and meteorological forecasts/analysis, to Dust forecasts, with focus on air quality applications, and more generally Aerosol impacts on Numerical Weather Prediction. She is Principal Investigator and Work Package leader in several international projects (e.g. ARAS, Aerosol Radiance Assimilation Study; A3S, Aerolus/EarthCARE Aerosol Assimilation Study; ACTRIS2, Aerosols, Clouds and Trace gases Research InfraStructure Network - Phase 2; DACCIWA, Dynamics-aerosol-chemistry-cloud interactions in West Africa).

Dr. Jean-Christophe Calvet received a M. Eng. degree in agronomy from AgroParisTech, Paris, France, in 1990, a M.Sc./Eng. degree in meteorology from the Ecole Nationale de la Météorologie, Toulouse, France, in 1990, a Ph.D. degree from the Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, in 1996, and a Habilitation degree in 2002 at the same university. He joined Météo-France, Toulouse, the French meteorological service, in 1990, and Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques (CNRM), Toulouse, in 1994, where he has been the Head of a land-modelling and remote-sensing section since 2003 (10 to 15 staff). His most recent works concern the joint analysis of soil moisture and vegetation biomass, and the representation of the carbon cycle in climate models. His research interests include land-atmosphere exchange modelling and the use of remote sensing over land surfaces for meteorology.

Dr. Louis-Philippe Caron obtained a PhD in environmental science from the Universit´ du Qu´bec in Montreal in 2011. Since 2013, he is a member of the Climate Prediction Group, working in the field of seasonal and decadal forecasting of tropical cyclone activity and on the different climate influences driving cyclone high and low frequency variability. In recent years, he has collaborated and published with scientists from international public institutions such as the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR; USA), Princeton University (USA), Columbia University (USA), Met Office (UK) and the University of Melbourne (Australia), but also from the private sector (Risk Management Solutions (UK)). Furthermore, he has been interacting with the insurance sector to ensure that the development of the Copernicus Climate Change Service meets the need of that industry. In the context of CMUG, he coordinates the BSC activities related to atmospheric and land-based processes.

Dr. Frédérique Cheruy is a research scientist at the CNRS and works in the IPSL Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique LMD. At the early stage of her career she was specialized in radiative transfer calculations, retrieval of atmospheric products from satellite observations and analysis of satellites date. She re-oriented in atmospheric modelling and has experience regarding parameterizations (land surface and atmosphere), feedback analysis and process oriented diagnostics for evaluating climate models. In the continuity of her collaboration with the IPSL partner during the first phase of CMUG [Cheruy et al. 2017], she will lead the contribution of IPSL to CMUG.

Dr Yanfeng ZHAO is a postdoc in Institut Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL) of France. Yanfeng has worked on the land-atmosphere interaction at IPSL since 2017. Her focus is on the realism of summer heatwave simulated with CMIP6 and analysing the land-atmosphere interaction in the simulations, and, she is also focus on the soil moisture and atmosphere feedbacks in transition regions based on the model simulations and observation datasets for CMUG project.

Dr. Enza di Tomaso has a PhD in Engineering Mathematics from the University of Bristol in UK. Before joining the BSC, she worked for the Italian Research Council (CNR IMAA) on the retrieval of precipitation from satellite observations, and for the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts under a fellowship programme of the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT). At BSC, she has expanded her interest to atmospheric chemistry, and in particular to aerosol data assimilation, implementing a scheme to ingest satellite observations into the BSC chemical transport model. In CMUG, she is in charge of be in charge of producing and evaluating a Dust Reanalysis.

Dr. Francisco Doblas-Reyes started working on climate variability at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain) in 1992, where he did his PhD. He has worked as a postdoc in Météo-France (Toulouse, France), at the Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aerospacial (Torrejón, Spain) and for ten years at the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (Reading, UK). He led the Climate Forecast Unit at the Institut Català de Ciències del Clima (IC3) from 2010 to 2015 and is currently the head of the Department of Earth Sciences of the Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC-CNS). He's the contract leader of the Copernicus project C3S_512, in charge of the evaluation and quality control assessment of the Climate Data Store.

Dr. Agnès Ducharne is senior research scientist at the CNRS and works in the IPSL laboratory specialized in water sciences, METIS (Milieux environnementaux, transferts et interactions dans les hydrosystèmes et les sols). She chairs the steering committee of the CNES land surface observation program since 2014. She has a 20-year experience regarding the modelling of hydrological processes in land surface models (IPSL's ORCHIDEE, NASA's Catchment model) and their use to understand global changes and land-atmosphere coupling. Over the last decade, she actively promoted the use remote sensing data for hydrological modelling: land cover, snow extent, topography, wetlands, land surface evaluation. She is also part of the SMOS team and contributed to the global scale evaluation of the SMOS product and the preparation of its integration to the CCI SSM product.

Dr. Jean-Louis Dufresne is head of the IPSL Climate Modelling Centre since 2009, deputy director of IPSL since 2010, and former head of the "Atmospheric Modelling Team" at IPSL-LMD (2004-2011). He has 20 years research experience in coupled global climate modelling, climate change studies, climate and climate-carbon feedback analysis, radiative transfer computation and cloud model evaluation. He contributed to more than 50 publications in peer-reviewed journals and acts as Lead Author in the Working Group I of the IPCC-AR5. Since 2004, he is involved in the major European projects that contribute to the development of climate models: ENSEMBLES (2004-2009), COMBINE (2009-2013) and EMBRACE (2011-2015). As head of the IPSL Climate Modelling Centre, he coordinates the development of the IPSL-CM5 model and the achievement of the simulations.

Prof. Dr. Veronika Eyring received her PhD in Environmental Physics from the University of Bremen (Germany) in 1999. She joined the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in 2000 where she is now working as a Senior Scientist and Head of the Earth system model evaluation group. She is Professor of Climate Modelling at the University of Bremen and maintains a strong collaboration with the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR, USA) as Affiliate Scientist. Her research focuses on Earth system modelling and process-oriented model evaluation with observations to better understand chemistry-climate interactions and climate change, and to improve the models. She has authored many peer-reviewed journal articles and has contributed to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) climate and World Meteorological Organization (WMO) ozone assessments since 2004. Veronika is involved in the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) through her roles as Chair of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) Panel and member of the scientific steering committees for the Working Group on Coupled Modelling (WGCM), the WCRP Data Advisory Council's (WDAC) Observations for Model Evaluation Task Team, and the Working Group on Numerical Experimentation (WGNE)/WGCM Climate Model Diagnostics and Metrics Panel.

David Ford holds a BSc (Hons) 1st class in Mathematics and Physics from Cardiff University (2002-2005). David has worked on ocean modelling and data assimilation research at the Met Office since 2008. His main focus is on developing and validating the pre-operational global coupled physical-biogeochemical ocean modelling system. His work covers time scales from near-real-time forecasts to decadal reanalyses, with both operational and climate research applications. David has also worked on shelf seas biogeochemical modelling and validation, and developing error covariances for the data assimilation component of the Met Office's operational physical ocean forecasting system.

Grace Redmond is a Scientific Software Engineer who works in Regional Climate Modelling across a variety of projects including national climate projections, regional model evaluation and convection permitting modelling. She has a degree in Geophysics and Meteorology from the University of Edinburgh and has worked at the UK Met Office for seven years.

Dr Erasmo Buonomo holds a PhD in Physical Chemistry from the University of Rome “La Sapienza” (1996). He spent six years in postdoctoral research position working the quantum molecular physics, including a four year post doc on astrochemistry at University College London. He started at the Met Office in 2002, where he has been working on climate project downscaling, regional climate model evaluation and extremes, for a range of projects including national climate scenarios, international projects to generate set of multi-model projections, and downscaled projections for impact studies for research and for the private sector.

Dr Debbie Hemming leads a group of scientists studying vegetation-climate interactions, her personal research is focussed on phenology – the timing of events in nature, and it's interactions with climate. She is also Senior Visiting Research Fellow at the Birmingham Institute of Forest Research, Birmingham University, studying the seasonal dynamics of carbon and nitrogen in their mature woodland Free-Air CO2 Enrichment research site. She leads the scientific direction of her group, and works on a range of projects involved in vegetation responses and feedbacks to climate.

Prof. Richard Jones holds a PhD in Numerical Analysis (1984-1988) and a BSc in Mathematics (1980-1983) from Imperial College, United Kingdom. He was a post-doctoral research scientist at Oxford University from 1987 to 1990. Richard has been working at the Met Office since 1990. He has been a Science Fellow and Manager of Climate Information for International Development team since 2012. He manages and coordinates research into generating and applying regional climate information and modelling systems with a focus on climate risk management, climate change vulnerability and adaptation and international development. Prior to this, Richard was manager of the Regional Climate Prediction team (2002-2012), managing a group of 5-10 scientists generating and applying regional climate information and modelling systems relevant to climate change impacts and adaptation assessment for UK government and international agencies. The previous decade, he was a Senior Scientific Officer, providing state-of-the-art regional climate modelling systems; providing and analysing regional climate change scenarios and advising on these as required under contracts for various UK government departments and international bodies.

Dr. Robert King received a PhD in mathematics in 2011, from the University of Southampton. Joining the Met Office in 2012, Robert initially worked on thermal modelling in a variety of domains, including a strong land surface element. Robert now works in the Vegetation-Climate Interactions teams, researching satellite based techniques around vegetation moisture stress and sub-canopy temperature processes.

Dr. Axel Lauer is a research scientist at the Institute of Atmospheric Physics (German Aerospace Center, DLR) and core developer of the Earth System Model Evaluation Tool (ESMValTool). His main research interests are aerosols, clouds and cloud-climate feedbacks as well as their interactions. He has a long-standing experience in evaluating and analysing climate model results and will contribute to Task 5. Specifically, he will help with coordination, support and documentation of ESMValTool CMUG activities and implementation of the new ECVs long-lived GHGs (CH4) and water vapour into the ESMValTool. This includes programming of new diagnostics and metrics that are suitable for evaluating these ECVs from global climate models with the ESA CCI data and application of the ESMValTool to CMIP model results.

Dr. Dirk Notz leads the Research Group on Sea Ice in the Earth System at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology. He and his group aim at better understanding the role of sea ice for the changing climate of our Earth. To reach that aim, his work combines laboratory and field experiments with small scale and large scale modelling. A more in-depth exploitation of available remotely-sensed properties of sea ice has become one of his recent research foci.

Andreas Wernecke has a background in different aspects of polar observations and modelling. This includes experience in satellite remote sensing techniques with data from the radar altimeter on Cryosat-2 for the detection of leads in Arctic sea ice. Andreas also analysed data from the microwave radiometer on the SMOS satellite to investigate firn properties of the Antarctic ice sheet. Later on, Andreas was able to gain experience with the ice sheet model BISICLES which he run for parts of the Amundsen sea sector of West Antarctica. Here his main interest is the use of statistical uncertainty quantification methods, particularly for the interface between observations and models. This includes the representation of uncertainties from linear flight-track bedrock elevation measurements for gridded model simulations and the use of two-dimensional patterns in satellite measurements for probabilistic model calibrations. Andreas joined CMUG June 2019 where he used his experience to help evaluate climate models under consideration of the observational uncertainty, system memory and the abstraction level of the observations. In this context, Andreas and team investigate the optimal spatial and temporal scales for model evaluation (under consideration of internal variability) and attempt to combine the aforementioned sources of uncertainty for joint model evaluations.

Dr. Pablo Ortega has co-lead the Climate Prediction Group at the BSC since September 2017, where he supervises all research activities involving the ocean, sea ice and biogeochemistry, including those within during CMUG. He is particularly interested in the fate of the ocean circulation and Arctic sea ice and their related climate impacts. Many of his current research is focused on identifying the best initialization strategies for seasonal and decadal prediction.

Dr. Mattia Righi is a Research Scientist at DLR and a Member of the Earth system model evaluation and aerosol groups. His research focuses on global aerosol modelling and evaluation, in particular on aerosol-cloud and aerosol-radiation interactions, and on the quantification of aerosol impacts from specific sources. In CMUG he will be responsible for the cross-assessment of the aerosol, cloud and radiation ECVs and will also contribute to the benchmarking activity with the ESMValTool using ESA CCI data. He has excellent programming skills and experience in aerosol and climate modelling and the analysis of observational data, documented in a variety of peer-reviewed publications.

Dr. Ulrika Willén is a research scientist at the Rossby Centre, SMHI, working on regional and global climate modelling especially the parameterization and evaluation of clouds and radiation. She is currently involved in PRIMAVERA, ARCPATH and GREENICE and has previously been involved in EU projects for evaluation of models using ground-based observational networks, such as the CLIWA-NET and CloudNET projects and a number of satellite projects with the Swedish National Space Board, ArcticCLIM, CLOUDMAP and CM SAF projects to assess the use of satellite products in climate Research.

Klaus Zimmermann is a research scientist at Rossby Centre, SMHI, working on model evaluation for both regional and global earth system models. He is currently involved in CRESCENDO, and PRIMAVERA, focusing his work on improvements of the community driven model evaluation tool ESMValTool. A trained physicist, he joined the climate research community recently after research activities in Freiburg, Germany, and Trieste, Italy, where he worked on computational aspects of large open quantum systems.