Ozone_CCI Phase 1 was run from September 2010 until October 2013 followed by Phase 2 from March 2014 until December 2017. The Ozone_CCI+ Phase started in March 2019, for a new 3-year contract.

Ozone is strongly linked to climate due to its influence on Earth’s radiative budget, absorbing solar UV radiation in the stratosphere and terrestrial infrared radiation in the troposphere. Due to these dual processes, the climate impact of changes in ozone concentrations varies with the altitude.

Human-produced chlorine and bromine-containing gases are responsible for major ozone losses in the lower atmosphere resulting in a cooling effect on the Earth's surface. In contrast, increases in tropospheric ozone, a result of air pollution, have a warming effect on the Earth's surface, thereby contributing to the greenhouse effect.

The Ozone project has been part of the ESA Climate Change Initiative (CCI) programme since it was initiated in early 2010. This project focuses on the generation of multi-decadal time series of harmonised and consistent ozone data suitable to assess long-term changes in total ozone as well as its vertical distribution.

Ozone_CCI climate data records are based on satellite nadir sensors such as GOME, SCIAMACHY, GOME-2, IASI and OMI complemented by a series of limb-type instruments allowing for a comprehensive characterization of the ozone columns and vertical profiles at various horizontal scales. These data products are freely distributed to the international user community and they feed the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S).

Main activities include:

Objective

The Ozone CCI project’s objectives are: