Monitoring wildfires from space is crucial for understanding their impact on climate, including the release of greenhouse gases & aerosols that influence the Earth system.
Satellites, such as Copernicus Sentinel-2 & -3 capture optical, infrared & thermal data globally, over decades to map & assess fire-affected regions.
This data-driven approach enhances climate understanding, identifies long-term trends and improves the models used to predict future change and prepare for future fire events.
The graphic represents the annual burned area across Ireland between 2001 to 2020.
The Little Picture graphic uses satellite observations between 2001-2020 to illustrate the pattern of annual burned are across Ireland.
The CLIP uses the following datasets:
- ESA Fire CCI: MODIS Fire_cci Burned Area Pixel product, version 5.1, Cate dataset identifier:
- cate.ds.data.countries/countries-110m.geojson country polygons provided as public domain from Natural Earth.
The code and documentation used to build this Little Picture can be found on the following github repository – https://github.com/littlepictures/clip_fire_fingerprints
This little picture is published under CC BY-SA 4.0 licence.
The big picture
The European Space Agency (ESA), the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), and the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) work closely together to measure, process & make space-derived information about the climate available.
The mission of the Climate Change Initiative (CCI) is to realise the full potential of the long-term global Earth Observation archives that the European Space Agency (ESA), together with its Member states, has established over the past 40 years, as a significant and timely contribution to the climate databases required by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The ESA Climate Office provides a free & open CCI data facility bringing together ECV data from across its twenty-seven climate science projects, including a CCI Data Standards and a CCI Toolbox.
The Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) supports society by providing freely available authoritative information about the past, present and future climate in Europe and the rest of the World. C3S is one of the six thematic information services provided by the Copernicus Earth Observation Programme of the European Union, and has been entrusted by the European Commission to the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). One of the core components of C3S includes the Climate Data Store (CDS). This is a one-stop shop for climate information. It provides free and easy access to a wide range of climate datasets via a searchable catalogue. A freely available online toolbox allows users to build workflows and applications suited to their needs.
EUMETSAT operates missions both to provide weather and climate data for its member states, and as an entrusted entity under the Copernicus programme. Several missions are operated collaboratively with ESA, providing complimentary expertise and data processing, to process and distribute land, marine, and atmosphere relevant products for users. Data from EUMETSAT operated missions is frequently available in near-real-time, facilitating rapid monitoring and forecasting. Via EUMETCast, the EUMETSAT Data Services, or WEkEO, users can access data in ways that suit their needs. The data is used by the EUMETSAT satellite applications facilities, as well as across the various Copernicus Services.
Agence France-Presse (AFP) Fact Check article Declining wildfire area does not disprove climate change’s role (30 June 2022), with contributions from ESA & ECMWF.